Tuesday, July 1, 2014

More Quotes (Kindle "My Clippings")

The Right Stuff (Wolfe, Tom)
- Your Highlight on Page 29 | Location 565-566 | Added on Tuesday, February 18, 2014 4:57:35 PM


Khrushchev was right about one thing: when it came time to hang the capitalist West, an American businessman would sell him the rope.

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The Guardians of the Flame (Guardians of the Flame combo volumes) (Rosenberg, Joel)
- Your Highlight Location 5538-5540 | Added on Saturday, March 15, 2014 3:31:10 PM


When we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary.   —Thomas Paine
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The Guardians of the Flame (Guardians of the Flame combo volumes) (Rosenberg, Joel)
- Your Highlight Location 8586-8587 | Added on Sunday, March 16, 2014 5:51:00 PM


Shh. We're not required to be perfect. We're just required to do our damnedest.
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Quitting Church: Why the Faithful Are Fleeing (Duin, Julia)
- Your Highlight Location 353-354 | Added on Sunday, March 16, 2014 6:40:05 PM


People are not taught that it is possible to live up to Christianity’s high standards, and so they drift off out of shame or frustration.

NOTE: ^This was a very non-Lutheran book and much of it was from a "Church Growth Movement" and charismatic point of view. There is a lot wrong with the above claim. -Tim
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Quitting Church: Why the Faithful Are Fleeing (Duin, Julia)
- Your Highlight Location 476-477 | Added on Sunday, March 16, 2014 6:45:27 PM


“Eighty percent of the U.S. population is faith-based, but only 18 percent go to church. So where are they getting their faith content?
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The Guardians of the Flame (Guardians of the Flame combo volumes) (Rosenberg, Joel)
- Your Highlight Location 11229-11231 | Added on Monday, March 17, 2014 6:29:36 PM


If you pick up a starving dog and make him prosperous, he will not bite you. This is the principal difference between a dog and a man.  —Mark Twain
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Guardians of the Flame: To Home and Ehvenor (Guardians of the Flame combo volumes) (Rosenberg, Joel)
- Your Highlight Location 6836-6837 | Added on Tuesday, March 25, 2014 10:23:00 AM


Home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in.   —Robert Frost
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A Summary of Christian Doctrine: A Popular Presentation of the Teachings of the Bible, 3rd Edition (Koehler, Edward W.A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6478-6481 | Added on Sunday, April 6, 2014 12:49:45 PM


Denial of or exclusion from church fellowship is not equivalent to excommunication. Although we do not tolerate the teaching and spreading of false doctrine, it is possible that a person errs in sincerity of heart without losing faith in Christ (2 Thessalonians 3:14–15; 1 Corinthians 3:11–15). We do not have fellowship with false teachers (Romans 16:17), yet we do not regard them as “heathen and tax collectors” (see Matthew 18:17).
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A Summary of Christian Doctrine: A Popular Presentation of the Teachings of the Bible, 3rd Edition (Koehler, Edward W.A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6451-6454 | Added on Sunday, April 6, 2014 6:15:20 AM


Such action on the part of the congregation and pastor should be unanimous. This is a matter that concerns all members and should be done with the consent of all. If there are some who are not convinced of the person’s impenitence or who believe that he can still be won, then they should be encouraged to deal with the erring brother until they have either won him or are convinced of his impenitence.
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A Summary of Christian Doctrine: A Popular Presentation of the Teachings of the Bible, 3rd Edition (Koehler, Edward W.A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6460-6464 | Added on Sunday, April 6, 2014 6:16:18 AM


It sometimes happens that a person refuses to deal with his congregation. By word or deed (by joining a church of another denomination, for example), an individual declares his withdrawal from that congregation. Consequently, this congregation cannot really excommunicate him because he is no longer a member. Although it is sinful to act in such a manner, we have no right to declare such a person manifestly impenitent because we have not had the opportunity to establish this fact. In such a case we can only say that he severed his connection with the congregation in a way that is not God-pleasing. We judge and condemn this person’s act, but we do not judge and condemn this person’s heart.
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Tough-Minded Christianity: Legacy of John Warwick Montgomery (Dembski, William;Schirrmacher, Thomas)
- Your Highlight on Unnumbered Page | Location 274-276 | Added on Monday, April 7, 2014 3:01:18 AM


But Montgomery decided early in his career that Dale Carnegie's approach to winning friends and influencing people was inadequate for handling the theological disarray of his time. Stronger medicine was required.
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Tough-Minded Christianity: Legacy of John Warwick Montgomery (Dembski, William;Schirrmacher, Thomas)
- Your Highlight on Page 4 | Location 577-580 | Added on Monday, April 7, 2014 3:12:38 AM


We know, or at least we should know, that fallen human nature on its own is incapable of choosing a path that leads to real happiness; all paths that sinful humans, left to themselves, actually choose lead to disillusionment, more or less. We know that when people are encouraged to be egocentric, and to live their own lives and do their own thing in their own way, the result is a compound of pride and misery and cosmic resentment that may well find expression in antisocial behavior.
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6619-6621 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:18:58 AM


Since then the church has again and again witnessed the phenomenon of laymen keeping the ship of the church on even keel by their protest against the intrusion of a foreign “gospel” into its ranks.
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6707-6713 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:27:40 AM


“We will neither privately nor publicly speak or write anything contrary to it, but, by the help of God’s grace, intend to abide thereby; therefore, after mature deliberation, we have, in God’s fear and with the invocation of His name, attached our signatures with our own hands” (FC XII, 40). This is an oft repeated pledge, made not only by pastors who bind themselves with quia subscription to the Confessions at the time of their ordination or call into office—that is, subscribing them without equivocation because they are a true exposition of Scriptural teaching—but also by many laymen, articulate and learned in the Confessions as well, who wish to indicate their agreement in every way with the stated position of the Confessions.
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6726-6731 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:30:38 AM


The papalist authorities were in error when they excluded the people, especially the leaders among them, from the process of choosing qualified pastors and leaders in the church. Especially the leading laymen, Chemnitz acknowledges, are by their background, education, and experience able to exercise salutary judgment and discretion in this matter of procuring qualified pastors for the local churches.8 But implicit in this choice is the will of the people, and it should always be understood as a matter of expediency and wisdom when the magistrates act as representatives of the people or congregation at large.9
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6733-6733 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:30:56 AM


mobocracy
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6749-6750 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:32:15 AM


We do not intend, says Gerhard, to “make shepherds of the sheep,” but by the same token, “we do not want them to be brute sheep, which neither can nor should distinguish between shepherds and wolves.”14
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6781-6784 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:36:40 AM


“The only purpose of voting in matters of doctrine is to see whether all now understand the teaching of the divine Word and agree to it” and “not to decide the correctness of a doctrine by majority vote or even by unanimous vote.”22 This is frequently misunderstood. But for peace, unity, and concord there is need for all, laity and clergy, to bow before the Word of God, drive down personal views or private opinions, and assent freely and believingly to God’s truth.
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6791-6792 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:37:55 AM


Augustine’s dictum still obtains: In ecclesia non valet: hoc ego dico, hoc tu dicis, hoc ille dicit, sed: Haec dicit Dominus, “that which prevails in the church is not, this I say, this you say, this that man says, but, thus saith the Lord.”
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Church and Ministry: The Role of Church, Pastor and People from Luther to Walther (Concordia Scholarship Today) (Klug, Eugene F. A.)
- Your Highlight Location 6821-6822 | Added on Sunday, April 13, 2014 3:40:06 AM


St. Paul, states Luther, “delegates to Christians the power to judge and condemn even an angel of heaven, if he should preach another gospel.”33
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The Book of Concord - Concordia Triglotta Edition (Dau, W.H.T.;Bente, F.)
- Your Highlight Location 10280-10281 | Added on Monday, April 28, 2014 5:24:23 PM


godless Christians [Christians only in name].
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The Book of Concord - Concordia Triglotta Edition (Dau, W.H.T.;Bente, F.)
- Your Highlight Location 6422-6423 | Added on Sunday, June 8, 2014 11:08:35 AM


However, for the common people we are satisfied with the three parts,
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Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions, Second Edition (Pocket Edition) (McCain, Paul Timothy)
- Your Highlight Location 12770-12771 | Added on Monday, June 9, 2014 1:09:05 AM


[70] Whoever would be saved should not trouble or torment himself with thoughts || about God’s secret counsel, about whether he also is elected and ordained to eternal life. Miserable Satan usually attacks with these thoughts and afflicts godly hearts.
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Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions, Second Edition (Pocket Edition) (McCain, Paul Timothy)
- Your Highlight Location 12774-12776 | Added on Monday, June 9, 2014 1:09:48 AM


[71] According to Christ’s teaching they should abstain from their sins, repent, believe His promise, and entirely trust in Him. Since we cannot do this by ourselves, by our own powers, the Holy Spirit desires to work these things’repentance and faith’in us through the Word and Sacraments.
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Holy Bible: New American Standard Bible (NASB) (The Lockman Foundation)
- Your Highlight Location 45160-45162 | Added on Monday, June 9, 2014 1:12:57 AM


11Now suppose one of you fathers is asked by his son for a fish; he will not give him a snake instead of a fish, will he? 12Or if he is asked for an egg, he will not give him a scorpion, will he? 13If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?”
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Altar Guild Manual LSB Edition (Maxwell, Lee A.)
- Your Highlight Location 823-829 | Added on Monday, June 9, 2014 1:21:52 AM


Paul H. D. Lang states: “The crucifix emphasizes the incarnation of Christ and His atoning sacrifice. A plain or empty cross lacks this emphasis. Some say that the plain cross stands for the Resurrection. Be that as it may, it can also represent a devaluation of the Incarnation and a spiritualizing of Christ. The Lutheran Church, however, believes that ‘apart from this man there is not God’” (What an Altar Guild Should Know [St. Louis: Concordia, 1964], 52). Lang cites the Formula of Concord, Solid Declaration, VIII 81, from Theodore G. Tappert, ed., The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1959). As Lang goes on to point out, however, the use of the crucifix is not necessarily a confessional matter; if it is not, the altar guild should not make an issue of it.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 184 | Location 2988-2990 | Added on Monday, June 16, 2014 1:06:28 AM


The rebels wished to reform government, not so as to depose or fundamentally hobble kingship but to bring it within what they regarded as reasonable bounds. They wanted to force the king to govern peacefully and fairly within the law, yet they were doing so by breaking the law. It was a situation of deep complexity for both sides.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 186 | Location 3024-3024 | Added on Monday, June 16, 2014 1:10:09 AM


As a peace treaty—for this is what it was—the Magna Carta was an immediate failure.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 228 | Location 3729-3731 | Added on Monday, June 16, 2014 4:25:26 PM


In comparison with the staple tactical set pieces of siege and plunder, battles were wasteful, uncertain, and chaotic. So strenuously did medieval commanders avoid them that few, if any, of the knights on either side had ever fought in one.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 235 | Location 3840-3842 | Added on Tuesday, June 17, 2014 6:03:31 AM


There would be no reprieve for de Montfort himself. A twelve-man hit squad independent of Edward’s main army stalked the battlefield, their sole aim to find the earl and cut him down.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 450 | Location 7183-7185 | Added on Sunday, June 22, 2014 2:38:22 AM


Serfdom was dying out as an institution in the late fourteenth century, but it seemed to many of those who rebelled in 1381 that it was giving way to a new and equally oppressive system, by which lawyers and justices kept the rural poor in just as deep a misery as they had suffered when they were bonded to the land.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 471 | Location 7528-7528 | Added on Sunday, June 22, 2014 4:10:57 AM


palatinate (that is to say, quasi-royal
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 471 | Location 7536-7538 | Added on Sunday, June 22, 2014 4:12:12 AM


Whereas in the past English kings had been addressed as “my lord,” now titles such as “Your Highness” and “Your Majesty” were introduced for the first time, in mimicry of styles fashionable in France.
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Holy Bible: New American Standard Bible (NASB) (The Lockman Foundation)
- Your Highlight Location 48844-48849 | Added on Sunday, June 22, 2014 6:39:30 AM


9 I wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people; 10I did not at all mean with the immoral people of this world, or with the covetous and swindlers, or with idolaters, for then you would have to go out of the world. 11But actually, I wrote to you not to associate with any so-called brother if he is an immoral person, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or a swindler—not even to eat with such a one. 12For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Do you not judge those who are within the church? 13But those who are outside, God judges. REMOVE THE WICKED MAN FROM AMONG YOURSELVES.
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The Plantagenets: The Warrior Kings and Queens Who Made England (Jones, Dan)
- Your Highlight on Page 502 | Location 7991-7993 | Added on Monday, June 23, 2014 1:24:16 AM


(Indeed, after Henry VII had legitimized his usurpation of the throne with a wealth of pageantry attempting to demonstrate his descent from Edward III, he and later his son Henry VIII set about murdering and destroying every surviving member of the English aristocracy with a trace of Plantagenet blood.)
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 183-184 | Added on Monday, June 23, 2014 3:05:45 PM


Replacing the chaotic system with a clean, efficient military one, he divided the empire into twelve neat dioceses, each governed by a vicar who reported directly to his emperor*
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 671-674 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:07:21 AM


The emperor, however, stubbornly refused to give up. If paganism wouldn’t recover, then Christianity must be crushed. Christ had prophesied that the Jewish temple wouldn’t be rebuilt until the end times, and in order to disprove this and cast Jesus as a false prophet, he ordered it to be rebuilt. Work started quickly enough, but an earthquake (and, according to Christian sources, “great balls of fire”) shattered the foundations, forcing the terrified overseers to abandon the project.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 750-754 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:24:57 AM


From the east came a new and terrifying power, wild Huns so barbaric that the frightened Germanic tribes ignored the decaying imperial forces guarding the frontiers and came flooding across. This time, however, they came as settlers, not invaders, and the prize they sought was land, not gold. The influx of new people, unwilling to assimilate, provoked an identity crisis within the Roman world and stretched the creaking empire to its breaking point. The pressure would redefine what it meant to be a Roman and nearly bring down the classical world.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 817-819 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:40:54 AM


spoke their own language, and maintained their own customs. They had no reason to blend in and so failed to become Romanized, remaining a semiautonomous group within the borders of the empire. Within a generation, they would completely dominate the government and push Europe toward the terrible chaos of the Dark Ages. Though
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 851-853 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:51:46 AM


Ambrose turned up the pressure by denying him communion or entrance to a church until he performed penance. After several months of endangering his soul without the sacrament, Theodosius caved in. Dressing in sackcloth and sprinkling ashes over his head, he publicly apologized and submitted to the bishop.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 860-861 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:52:22 AM


Christianity had triumphed, and the coup de grĂ¢ce came in 391, when Theodosius made it the only religion of the Roman Empire.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 862-865 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:53:19 AM


By making Christianity the state religion, he had merely put the finishing touches on a movement that had begun at the Milvian Bridge. Christianity had become so entwined with the Roman way of life that for barbarians and Romans alike, to be a Christian and to be a Roman were essentially the same thing.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 867-870 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:53:58 AM


Even the ceremonies of the church and the court had begun to mirror each other. Priests and courtiers dressed in luxurious vestments, elaborate processionals and singing choirs heralded the beginning of services, and incense and candles were carried as a sign of honor. Where the court had its emperor, the church had its bishops, and both were accorded the same outward signs of respect.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 870-871 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:54:47 AM


There was a comforting sameness to it all, a familiarity that reassured each celebrant of the divine order.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 878-880 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 7:59:22 AM


There were, however, troubling signs on the horizon. Most of the money from taxes had been drawn from the nobility, and these families were exhausted. As more and more of them fled their burdens by joining the clergy or embracing the monastic life in the deserts of Egypt or Asia Minor, the government responded by leaning more heavily on the poor and working classes.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 880-882 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 8:00:28 AM


Successive governments would raise taxes and try to bind peasants to the land, arguing that this was necessary to keep society running smoothly, but the end result for many was grinding poverty.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 885-889 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 8:01:28 AM


*Although Gratian was the last emperor to use the title Pontifex Maximus, it didn’t disappear into the mists of history. In 590, Pope Gregory I adopted it in his role as “chief priest of Christianity.” and from it we get the title “pontiff.” Literally, it is translated as “bridge builder,” because the Pontifex Maximus bridged the gap between the world of the gods and the world of man. Constantine had kept the title because he saw himself as the “Bishop of Bishops”—a title that the pope also assumed.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 899-901 | Added on Tuesday, June 24, 2014 8:02:22 AM


Even the army was unrecognizable; the traditional Roman infantry had given way to barbarian cavalry, and the orderly legions were now a strange, heterogeneous mix with each group sporting different armor and speaking a different language.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 2095-2097 | Added on Saturday, June 28, 2014 9:23:22 AM


Every emperor from Augustus to Heraclius had been hailed as Imperator Caesar and Augustus, but after him they were known only as Basileus—the Greek word for king.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 2244-2247 | Added on Sunday, June 29, 2014 1:19:06 AM


†That war still splits the Islamic world today. An assassin loyal to the fearsome general Muawiyah assassinated the caliph Ali while he was praying in a mosque in central Iraq. Those who rejected Muawiyah and held that only a descendant of Ali could become caliph are known as Shiites, while those who accepted Muawiyah as caliph are called Sunni. Iraq remains largely a Shiite country to this day.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 2646-2654 | Added on Sunday, June 29, 2014 3:38:48 AM


The pope’s men had a head start, but they alienated the Slavs by insisting that all services be conducted in Latin, even though their new converts didn’t understand a word of it. Cyril and Methodius, by contrast, set to work immediately learning Slavic, and when they found it had no written alphabet, Cyril provided one.* Western bishops angrily complained that Hebrew, Greek, and Latin were the only tongues worthy of a sacred liturgy, but Cyril countered by saying that since God’s rain fell on all equally, then all tongues were fit to praise him.† The Bulgarian khan, impressed by the new freedoms promised by Photius (and in any case unwilling to subordinate himself to Rome), traveled to Constantinople to be baptized in the Hagia Sophia, and Bulgaria entered the Byzantine cultural orbit, in which it remains to this day. By allowing Byzantine culture to be separated from the Greek language, Photius had spread the empire’s influence far beyond its borders and immeasurably strengthened the bonds that held the diverse Byzantine world together. It would be more than six centuries before Latin was similarly dethroned in the West.
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 2897-2898 | Added on Sunday, June 29, 2014 5:46:39 AM


†The normal custom would have been to name the boy after his grandfather,
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Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western Civilization (Brownworth, Lars)
- Your Highlight Location 3101-3103 | Added on Sunday, June 29, 2014 6:23:08 AM


*These were the descendants of Viking warriors who had as yet to be absorbed into their Slavic surroundings. Elsewhere in Europe, they had already ripped apart Charlemagne’s empire, and for centuries Western prayer books would include the plea “O Lord, spare us from the fury of the Northmen.”
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The Fall of the Roman Empire (Heather, Peter)
- Your Highlight Location 187-191 | Added on Tuesday, July 1, 2014 3:33:47 AM


The legionaries constructed these themselves, according to a standard pattern: ditch, mound, rampart and defensive towers on the outside, barrack blocks within. The length of the walls was dictated by an ancient formula: two hundred times the square root of the number of cohorts to be accommodated. Subdued tribes in the immediate neighbourhood were responsible for supplying the troops through the winter, until the grass grew again to support the pack animals, and campaigning could begin anew.
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The Fall of the Roman Empire (Heather, Peter)
- Your Highlight Location 217-218 | Added on Tuesday, July 1, 2014 3:36:32 AM


veni vidi vici – ‘I came, I saw, I conquered.’
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The Fall of the Roman Empire (Heather, Peter)
- Your Highlight Location 535-535 | Added on Tuesday, July 1, 2014 7:59:24 AM


imperator (commander of the army)
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The Fall of the Roman Empire (Heather, Peter)
- Your Highlight Location 537-540 | Added on Tuesday, July 1, 2014 7:59:56 AM


For one thing, all pretence of republicanism had vanished. Augustus had worked hard at pretending that the power structures he had created around himself did not represent the overthrow of the old Republic, and that, in a mixed constitution, the Senate continued to have important functions. But even in his lifetime the veneer had looked pretty thin, and by the fourth century no one thought of the emperor as anything other than an autocratic monarch.
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The Fall of the Roman Empire (Heather, Peter)
- Your Highlight Location 542-545 | Added on Tuesday, July 1, 2014 8:00:56 AM


The first among equals became a sacred ruler, communing with the Divinity, and ordinary human beings had to act with due deference. By the fourth century, standard protocols included proskynesis – throwing yourself down on the ground when introduced into the sacred imperial presence – and, for the privileged few, being allowed to kiss the hem of the emperor’s robe.
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